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But we detected no law enforcement aircraft on Saturday, when hundreds of thousands of women and other protesters marched in Washington DC.

The Secret Service, which coordinated security for the inauguration, also declined to comment. According to a DHS statement issued on Tuesday, security for the inauguration involved more than 50 agencies, including the military.

The NYPD has an extensive fleet of helicopters, but they were not especially busy over the inauguration weekend.

On Friday, they monitored bridges over the East River, which is a common pattern. Spokesperson John Fransen told BuzzFeed News by email that the surveillance was related to concerns about the safety of protesters, pedestrians, and motorists.

Contact Peter Aldhous at peter. Got a confidential tip? Submit it here. Want to support our journalism? Become a BuzzFeed News member.

This story has been updated to include a comment from the California Highway Patrol. View Comments.

Technically, a convent is any home of a community of sisters — or, indeed, of priests and brothers, though this term is rarely used in the United States.

The term "monastery" is often used by The Benedictine family to speak of the buildings and "convent" when referring to the community.

Neither is gender specific. The traditional dress for women in religious communities consists of a tunic , which is tied around the waist with a cloth or leather belt.

Over the tunic some nuns wear a scapular which is a garment of long wide piece of woolen cloth worn over the shoulders with an opening for the head.

Some wear a white wimple and a veil, the most significant and ancient aspect of the habit. Some Orders — such as the Dominicans — wear a large rosary on their belt.

Benedictine abbesses wear a cross or crucifix on a chain around their neck. After the Second Vatican Council , many religious institutes chose in their own regulations to no longer wear the traditional habit and did away with choosing a religious name.

Catholic Church canon law states: "Religious are to wear the habit of the institute, made according to the norm of proper law, as a sign of their consecration and as a witness of poverty.

Although usage has varied throughout church history, typically "nun" Latin: monialis is used for women who have taken solemn vows, and "sister" Latin: soror is used for women who have taken simple vows.

During the first millennium, nearly all religious communities of men and women were dedicated to prayer and contemplation. These monasteries were built in remote locations or were separated from the world by means of a precinct wall.

The mendicant orders , founded in the 13th century, combined a life of prayer and dedication to God with active works of preaching, hearing confessions, and service to the poor, and members of these orders are known as friars rather than monks.

At that time, and into the 17th century, Church custom did not allow women to leave the cloister if they had taken religious vows. Female members of the mendicant orders Dominican , Augustinian and Carmelite nuns and Poor Clares continued to observe the same enclosed life as members of the monastic orders.

Originally, the vows taken by profession in any religious institute approved by the Holy See were classified as solemn.

In , two years after the Fourth Lateran Council had forbidden the establishment of new religious institutes, Pope Leo X established a religious Rule with simple vows for those tertiaries attached to existing communities who undertook to live a formal religious life.

In and , Pope Pius V rejected this class of congregation, but they continued to exist and even increased in number.

After at first being merely tolerated, they afterwards obtained approval. Their number had increased dramatically in the upheavals brought by the French Revolution and subsequent Napoleonic invasions of other Catholic countries, depriving thousands of religious of the income that their communities held because of inheritances and forcing them to find a new way of living the religious life.

The Code of Canon Law reserved the term "nun" Latin: monialis for religious women who took solemn vows or who, while being allowed in some places to take simple vows, belonged to institutes whose vows were normally solemn.

The same religious order could include both "nuns" and "sisters", if some members took solemn vows and others simple vows.

The new legal code of the Catholic Church which was adopted in , however, remained silent on this matter. Whereas previously the code distinguished between orders and congregations, the code now refers simply to religious institutes.

Since the code of , the Vatican has addressed the renewal of the contemplative life of nuns. It produced the letter Verbi Sponsa in , [30] the apostolic constitution Vultum Dei quaerere in , and the instruction Cor Orans in [31] "which replaced the document Verbi Sponsa and attempted to bring forward the ideas regarding contemplative life born during the Second Vatican Council".

Nuns and sisters played a major role in American religion, education, nursing and social work since the early 19th century. There were very few rich American Catholics , and no aristocrats.

Religious orders were founded by entrepreneurial women who saw a need and an opportunity, and were staffed by devout women from poor families.

The numbers grew rapidly, from sisters in 15 communities in , 50, in orders in , and , in different orders by Starting in , the sisters always outnumbered the priests and brothers.

Many women left their orders, and few new members were added. Nuns have played an important role in Canada, especially in heavily Catholic Quebec.

Outside the home, Canadian women had few domains which they controlled. Stimulated by the influence in France, the popular religiosity of the Counter Reformation , new orders for women began appearing in the seventeenth century.

In the next three centuries women opened dozens of independent religious orders, funded in part by dowries provided by the parents of young nuns.

The orders specialized in charitable works, including hospitals, orphanages, homes for unwed mothers , and schools. Prior to women becoming nuns during early modern Spain, aspired nuns underwent a process.

To be considered as a nun, one must have the economic means to afford the convent dowry. Once an aspiring nun has entered the convent and has the economic means to afford the dowry, she undergoes the process of apprenticeship known as the novitiate period.

This would be officially determined by a vote from the choir nuns. In the Eastern Orthodox Church there is no distinction between a monastery for women and one for men.

In Greek , Russian , and other Eastern European languages, both domiciles are called "monasteries" and the ascetics who live therein are "monastics".

In English, however, it is acceptable to use the terms "nun" and "convent" for clarity and convenience. Orthodox monastics do not have distinct "orders" as in Western Christianity.

Orthodox monks and nuns lead identical spiritual lives. The abbess is the spiritual leader of the convent and her authority is absolute no priest , bishop , or even patriarch can override an abbess within the walls of her monastery.

There has always been spiritual equality between men and women in the Orthodox Church Galatians Abbots and Abbesses rank in authority equal to bishops in many ways and were included in ecumenical councils.

Orthodox monasteries are usually associated with a local synod of bishops by jurisdiction, but are otherwise self-governing.

Abbesses hear confessions but do not absolve and dispense blessings on their charges, though they still require the services of a presbyter i.

Orthodox monastics, in general have little or no contact with the outside world, especially family. The pious family whose child decides to enter the monastic profession understands that their child will become "dead to the world" and therefore be unavailable for social visits.

A modern resurgence of the early Christian Deaconess office for women began in Germany in the s and spread through Scandinavia, Britain and the United States, with some elements of the religious life, such as simple vows, and a daily obligation of prayer.

Lutherans were especially active, and within both Lutheranism and Anglicanism some Deaconesses formed religious communities, with community living, and the option of life vows in religion.

A small movement still exists, and its legacy is seen in the names of numerous hospitals. The example of the Deaconess communities eventually led to the establishment of religious communities of monks and nuns within some Protestant traditions, [50] particularly those influenced by the more liturgical Protestant reformers such as Martin Luther rather than the more extreme reformers such as John Calvin.

This has allowed for communities of nuns or, in some cases, mixed communities of nuns and monks to be re-established in some Protestant traditions.

Many of these are within the episcopal Lutheran tradition and the closeness of Lutheranism with Anglicanism its belief and practice has led to local arrangements of inter-Communion between the two traditions, such as the Porvoo Communion.

Monasteries and convents were deprived of their lands and possessions, and monastics were forced to either live a secular life on a pension or flee the country.

Many Roman Catholic nuns went to France. Anglican religious orders are organizations of laity or clergy in the Anglican Communion who live under a common rule.

The term "religious orders" is distinguished from Holy Orders the sacrament of ordination which bishops, priests, and deacons receive , though many communities do have ordained members.

The structure and function of religious orders in Anglicanism roughly parallels that which exists in Roman Catholicism.

Religious communities are divided into orders proper, in which members take solemn vows and congregations, whose members take simple vows. With the rise of the Oxford Movement in Anglicanism in the early 19th century came interest in the revival of "religious life" in England.

Between and , several religious orders for nuns were founded, among them the Community of St. Mary at Wantage and the Community of St.

Margaret at East Grinstead. Whilst there is no single central authority for all religious orders, and many member churches of the Anglican Communion have their own internal structures for recognising and regulating religious orders, some central functions are performed by the Anglican Religious Communities Department at Church House, Westminster , the headquarters of the Church of England's Church Commissioners , General Synod , Archbishops' Council , and National Society.

This department publishes the bi-annual Anglican Religious Life , a world directory of religious orders, and also maintains an official Anglican Communion website for religious orders.

Anglican Religious Life defines four categories of community. In the United States only , there is a clear distinction between "orders" and "communities", as the Episcopal Church has its own two-fold definition of "religious orders" equivalent to the first two groups above and "Christian communities" equivalent to the third group above.

In some Anglican orders, there are sisters who have been ordained and can celebrate the Eucharist. There are a plethora of religious orders within the Lutheran Churches , such as the Order of Lutheran Franciscans and Daughters of Mary.

Nearly all active Lutheran orders are located in Europe. The Evangelical Sisterhood of Mary , an order of Lutheran nuns, operates a guesthouse for Holocaust survivors in Jerusalem.

Nuns play an important role in the public's image of religious symbolism. A list of notable works in which nuns play a major part ranges from A Time for Miracles , which is hagiography , to realistic accounts by Kathryn Hulme and Monica Baldwin , to the blatant nunsploitation of Sacred Flesh.

Works can include those which portray Catholic nuns or non-Catholic such as Black Narcissus Anglican. These stories have been reproduced in both stage and film.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Nun disambiguation. Member of a religious community of women. Nuns in different parts of the world.

Main article: Bhikkhuni. See also: Religious sister Catholic. Main article: Catholic sisters and nuns in the United States.

Main article: Catholic sisters and nuns in Canada. Main article: Eastern Christian Monasticism. Main article: Degrees of Eastern Orthodox monasticism.

Main article: Anglican religious order. This article may contain indiscriminate , excessive , or irrelevant examples.

Please improve the article by adding more descriptive text and removing less pertinent examples. See Wikipedia's guide to writing better articles for further suggestions.

November Religion portal. Journal of Buddhist Ethics V. Retrieved The Irish Times. Maryknoll Sisters. New York: Robert Appleton Company, Accessed 18 July Ordinis aut per professionem expressam vel tacitam factam alicui de religionibus per Sedem Apostolicam approbatis" C.

Archived from the original on Harvard University Press. Sisters of Mercy. The Sixteenth Century Journal. Journal of Social History.

Nuns: A history of convent life, — South Atlantic Review. Brides of Christ: Conventual life in colonial Mexico.

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But the helicopters and other aircraft operated by law enforcement send transponder signals that are tracked by flight-monitoring websites.

On Saturday, these cities hosted some of the largest protest marches across the nation. Flightradar24 uses both crowdsourced data and a feed provided by the Federal Aviation Administration FAA , but may hide certain planes if requested by their operators.

ADS-B Exchange is completely crowdsourced, and does not censor its data. We looked for aircraft operated by federal, state, and local law enforcement — including those registered to companies previously identified as fronts for federal aerial surveillance.

Both sites have good coverage for the cities we monitored, and revealed essentially the same picture — federal, state, and local law enforcement aircraft were apparently not trying to hide from view.

In the maps below, drawn from Flightradar24 data, the tracks of federal aircraft are shown in green, state police in purple, and local law enforcement in orange.

Slide to the right to see flights on Friday Jan. Days are from midnight to midnight, local time. As a designated National Special Security Event , the inauguration was under close scrutiny — federal helicopters were in the air for most of the day.

These helicopters patrolled a perimeter around the Mall and the US Capitol, where crowds gathered for the inauguration.

But we detected no law enforcement aircraft on Saturday, when hundreds of thousands of women and other protesters marched in Washington DC. The Secret Service, which coordinated security for the inauguration, also declined to comment.

They are usually self-sufficient, earning money by selling jams, candies or baked goods by mail order, or by making liturgical items such as vestments, candles, or hosts to be consecrated at Mass for Holy Communion.

They often undertake contemplative ministries — that is, a community of nuns is often associated with prayer for some particular good or supporting the missions of another order by prayer for instance, the Dominican nuns of Corpus Christi Monastery in the Bronx , New York, pray in support of the priests of the Archdiocese of New York.

Yet religious sisters can also perform this form of ministry, e. Paul in their media ministry. A canoness is a nun who corresponds to the male equivalent of canon , usually following the Rule of S.

The origin and rules of monastic life are common to both. As with the canons, differences in the observance of rule gave rise to two types: the canoness regular , taking the traditional religious vows, and the secular canoness, who did not take vows and thus remained free to own property and leave to marry, should they choose.

This was primarily a way of leading a pious life for the women of aristocratic families and generally disappeared in the modern age, except for the modern Lutheran convents of Germany.

A nun who is elected to head her religious house is termed an abbess if the house is an abbey, a prioress if it is a monastery, or more generically may be referred to as "Mother Superior" and styled "Reverend Mother".

The distinction between abbey and monastery has to do with the terms used by a particular order or by the level of independence of the religious house.

Technically, a convent is any home of a community of sisters — or, indeed, of priests and brothers, though this term is rarely used in the United States.

The term "monastery" is often used by The Benedictine family to speak of the buildings and "convent" when referring to the community.

Neither is gender specific. The traditional dress for women in religious communities consists of a tunic , which is tied around the waist with a cloth or leather belt.

Over the tunic some nuns wear a scapular which is a garment of long wide piece of woolen cloth worn over the shoulders with an opening for the head.

Some wear a white wimple and a veil, the most significant and ancient aspect of the habit. Some Orders — such as the Dominicans — wear a large rosary on their belt.

Benedictine abbesses wear a cross or crucifix on a chain around their neck. After the Second Vatican Council , many religious institutes chose in their own regulations to no longer wear the traditional habit and did away with choosing a religious name.

Catholic Church canon law states: "Religious are to wear the habit of the institute, made according to the norm of proper law, as a sign of their consecration and as a witness of poverty.

Although usage has varied throughout church history, typically "nun" Latin: monialis is used for women who have taken solemn vows, and "sister" Latin: soror is used for women who have taken simple vows.

During the first millennium, nearly all religious communities of men and women were dedicated to prayer and contemplation. These monasteries were built in remote locations or were separated from the world by means of a precinct wall.

The mendicant orders , founded in the 13th century, combined a life of prayer and dedication to God with active works of preaching, hearing confessions, and service to the poor, and members of these orders are known as friars rather than monks.

At that time, and into the 17th century, Church custom did not allow women to leave the cloister if they had taken religious vows.

Female members of the mendicant orders Dominican , Augustinian and Carmelite nuns and Poor Clares continued to observe the same enclosed life as members of the monastic orders.

Originally, the vows taken by profession in any religious institute approved by the Holy See were classified as solemn.

In , two years after the Fourth Lateran Council had forbidden the establishment of new religious institutes, Pope Leo X established a religious Rule with simple vows for those tertiaries attached to existing communities who undertook to live a formal religious life.

In and , Pope Pius V rejected this class of congregation, but they continued to exist and even increased in number. After at first being merely tolerated, they afterwards obtained approval.

Their number had increased dramatically in the upheavals brought by the French Revolution and subsequent Napoleonic invasions of other Catholic countries, depriving thousands of religious of the income that their communities held because of inheritances and forcing them to find a new way of living the religious life.

The Code of Canon Law reserved the term "nun" Latin: monialis for religious women who took solemn vows or who, while being allowed in some places to take simple vows, belonged to institutes whose vows were normally solemn.

The same religious order could include both "nuns" and "sisters", if some members took solemn vows and others simple vows. The new legal code of the Catholic Church which was adopted in , however, remained silent on this matter.

Whereas previously the code distinguished between orders and congregations, the code now refers simply to religious institutes.

Since the code of , the Vatican has addressed the renewal of the contemplative life of nuns. It produced the letter Verbi Sponsa in , [30] the apostolic constitution Vultum Dei quaerere in , and the instruction Cor Orans in [31] "which replaced the document Verbi Sponsa and attempted to bring forward the ideas regarding contemplative life born during the Second Vatican Council".

Nuns and sisters played a major role in American religion, education, nursing and social work since the early 19th century.

There were very few rich American Catholics , and no aristocrats. Religious orders were founded by entrepreneurial women who saw a need and an opportunity, and were staffed by devout women from poor families.

The numbers grew rapidly, from sisters in 15 communities in , 50, in orders in , and , in different orders by Starting in , the sisters always outnumbered the priests and brothers.

Many women left their orders, and few new members were added. Nuns have played an important role in Canada, especially in heavily Catholic Quebec.

Outside the home, Canadian women had few domains which they controlled. Stimulated by the influence in France, the popular religiosity of the Counter Reformation , new orders for women began appearing in the seventeenth century.

In the next three centuries women opened dozens of independent religious orders, funded in part by dowries provided by the parents of young nuns.

The orders specialized in charitable works, including hospitals, orphanages, homes for unwed mothers , and schools. Prior to women becoming nuns during early modern Spain, aspired nuns underwent a process.

To be considered as a nun, one must have the economic means to afford the convent dowry. Once an aspiring nun has entered the convent and has the economic means to afford the dowry, she undergoes the process of apprenticeship known as the novitiate period.

This would be officially determined by a vote from the choir nuns. In the Eastern Orthodox Church there is no distinction between a monastery for women and one for men.

In Greek , Russian , and other Eastern European languages, both domiciles are called "monasteries" and the ascetics who live therein are "monastics".

In English, however, it is acceptable to use the terms "nun" and "convent" for clarity and convenience. Orthodox monastics do not have distinct "orders" as in Western Christianity.

Orthodox monks and nuns lead identical spiritual lives. The abbess is the spiritual leader of the convent and her authority is absolute no priest , bishop , or even patriarch can override an abbess within the walls of her monastery.

There has always been spiritual equality between men and women in the Orthodox Church Galatians Abbots and Abbesses rank in authority equal to bishops in many ways and were included in ecumenical councils.

Orthodox monasteries are usually associated with a local synod of bishops by jurisdiction, but are otherwise self-governing.

Abbesses hear confessions but do not absolve and dispense blessings on their charges, though they still require the services of a presbyter i.

Orthodox monastics, in general have little or no contact with the outside world, especially family. The pious family whose child decides to enter the monastic profession understands that their child will become "dead to the world" and therefore be unavailable for social visits.

A modern resurgence of the early Christian Deaconess office for women began in Germany in the s and spread through Scandinavia, Britain and the United States, with some elements of the religious life, such as simple vows, and a daily obligation of prayer.

Lutherans were especially active, and within both Lutheranism and Anglicanism some Deaconesses formed religious communities, with community living, and the option of life vows in religion.

A small movement still exists, and its legacy is seen in the names of numerous hospitals. The example of the Deaconess communities eventually led to the establishment of religious communities of monks and nuns within some Protestant traditions, [50] particularly those influenced by the more liturgical Protestant reformers such as Martin Luther rather than the more extreme reformers such as John Calvin.

This has allowed for communities of nuns or, in some cases, mixed communities of nuns and monks to be re-established in some Protestant traditions.

Many of these are within the episcopal Lutheran tradition and the closeness of Lutheranism with Anglicanism its belief and practice has led to local arrangements of inter-Communion between the two traditions, such as the Porvoo Communion.

Monasteries and convents were deprived of their lands and possessions, and monastics were forced to either live a secular life on a pension or flee the country.

Many Roman Catholic nuns went to France. Anglican religious orders are organizations of laity or clergy in the Anglican Communion who live under a common rule.

The term "religious orders" is distinguished from Holy Orders the sacrament of ordination which bishops, priests, and deacons receive , though many communities do have ordained members.

The structure and function of religious orders in Anglicanism roughly parallels that which exists in Roman Catholicism. Religious communities are divided into orders proper, in which members take solemn vows and congregations, whose members take simple vows.

With the rise of the Oxford Movement in Anglicanism in the early 19th century came interest in the revival of "religious life" in England.

Between and , several religious orders for nuns were founded, among them the Community of St. Mary at Wantage and the Community of St. Margaret at East Grinstead.

Whilst there is no single central authority for all religious orders, and many member churches of the Anglican Communion have their own internal structures for recognising and regulating religious orders, some central functions are performed by the Anglican Religious Communities Department at Church House, Westminster , the headquarters of the Church of England's Church Commissioners , General Synod , Archbishops' Council , and National Society.

This department publishes the bi-annual Anglican Religious Life , a world directory of religious orders, and also maintains an official Anglican Communion website for religious orders.

Anglican Religious Life defines four categories of community. In the United States only , there is a clear distinction between "orders" and "communities", as the Episcopal Church has its own two-fold definition of "religious orders" equivalent to the first two groups above and "Christian communities" equivalent to the third group above.

In some Anglican orders, there are sisters who have been ordained and can celebrate the Eucharist. There are a plethora of religious orders within the Lutheran Churches , such as the Order of Lutheran Franciscans and Daughters of Mary.

Nearly all active Lutheran orders are located in Europe. The Evangelical Sisterhood of Mary , an order of Lutheran nuns, operates a guesthouse for Holocaust survivors in Jerusalem.

Nuns play an important role in the public's image of religious symbolism. A list of notable works in which nuns play a major part ranges from A Time for Miracles , which is hagiography , to realistic accounts by Kathryn Hulme and Monica Baldwin , to the blatant nunsploitation of Sacred Flesh.

Works can include those which portray Catholic nuns or non-Catholic such as Black Narcissus Anglican. These stories have been reproduced in both stage and film.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Nun disambiguation. Member of a religious community of women. Nuns in different parts of the world.

Main article: Bhikkhuni. See also: Religious sister Catholic. Main article: Catholic sisters and nuns in the United States.

Main article: Catholic sisters and nuns in Canada. Main article: Eastern Christian Monasticism. Main article: Degrees of Eastern Orthodox monasticism.

Main article: Anglican religious order. This article may contain indiscriminate , excessive , or irrelevant examples. Please improve the article by adding more descriptive text and removing less pertinent examples.

See Wikipedia's guide to writing better articles for further suggestions. November Religion portal. Journal of Buddhist Ethics V.

Retrieved The Irish Times. Maryknoll Sisters. New York: Robert Appleton Company,

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